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The Fountainhead

Review of: The Fountainhead

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The Fountainhead

„Wollen Sie sich allein gegen den Rest der Welt stellen?“ Der Architekt Howard Roark ist ein sturer Individualist. Auch nach seinem Ausschluss aus der. But the tide turns after he has an affair with the architecture critic Dominique Francon. Roark becomes a much in-demand architect. Even the paper's publisher. The Fountainhead | Rand, Ayn, Peikoff, Leonard | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.

The Fountainhead

The revolutionary literary vision that sowed the seeds of Objectivism, Ayn Rand's groundbreaking philosophy, and brought her immediate worldwide acclaim. Thalia: Infos zu Autor, Inhalt und Bewertungen ❤ Jetzt»The Fountainhead«nach Hause oder Ihre Filiale vor Ort bestellen! But the tide turns after he has an affair with the architecture critic Dominique Francon. Roark becomes a much in-demand architect. Even the paper's publisher.

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The Fountainhead (Ayn Rand) – Thug Notes Summary \u0026 Analysis

Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — The Fountainhead by Ayn Rand. The Fountainhead by Ayn Rand ,. Leonard Peikoff Goodreads Author Afterword.

The revolutionary literary vision that sowed the seeds of Objectivism, Ayn Rand's groundbreaking philosophy, and brought her immediate worldwide acclaim.

This modern classic is the story of intransigent young architect Howard Roark, whose integrity was as unyielding as granite She has a subtle and ingenious mind and the capacity of writing brilliantly, beautifully, bitterly This is the only novel of ideas written by an American woman that I can recall.

Get A Copy. Mass Market Paperback , 25 Aniv Edition , pages. Published September 1st by Signet Book first published April 15th More Details Original Title.

Howard Roark , Peter Keating , Ellsworth Toohey , Dominique Francon. New York City, New York United States. Other Editions All Editions Add a New Edition Combine.

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I can't stand the protagonists or the antagonists and have become bored, if not annoyed with their sadomasochist elitism.

I have a feeling a good editor could have chopped this down to pages from the that make up this edition. Should I continue?

John H Sneed Brett, reading is entertainment. If the story is not entertaining, don't read it. Come back in five years and give it a another try.

Your personal exp …more Brett, reading is entertainment. Your personal experience and your view on life is important if this book 'speaks' to you.

Give Ayn Rand the benefit of the doubt and let her tell her story. No editors please. This question contains spoilers… view spoiler [Was anyone else surprised that after the trial the book is only half-way through?

Mike I was not, but had read Rand before. I don't feel it trudged on and on, but then again, the concept of pride in the work you do.

Ownership of ideas, a …more I was not, but had read Rand before. Ownership of ideas, and a belief in the self is something I subscribe to.

Ayn Rand is not for everyone, but I enjoy her books immensely. See all 18 questions about The Fountainhead…. Lists with This Book.

Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Start your review of The Fountainhead. Jul 09, Jason Pettus rated it liked it.

Would you like to hear the only joke I've ever written? Q: "How many Objectivists does it take to screw in a lightbulb? Here in Rand's first massive manifesto-slash-novel, we meet the theoretically ultimate Objectivist -- architect Howard Roarke, who is so just completely sure of what he should be doing with his constructions, he won't even participate in his industry at all unless his client gives him complete and utter control over the final project; which is why Howard Roarke barely ever completes any projects over the course of his life, which according to Rand is because of the vast unwashed masses of the insipid keeping the obvious genius down.

Righteous, Ayn, righteous! Recommended, but with a caveat; that you read it before you're old enough to know better.

View all comments. Nov 28, Ryan rated it did not like it. This book is the equivalent of a drunk, eloquent asshole talking to you all night at a bar.

You know you should just leave and you could never explain later why you didn't, but you just sit there listening to the guy ramble on.

It's all bullshit, and his arguments defending, say, his low-key but all-consuming misogyny aren't that good and don't even really make sense, but just for a second you find yourself thinking, "Huh, the man might have a point You feel dirty and bad afterwards, realizing how close you came to the abyss, but there was that one second where, for some reason, his selfish, arrogant stances, which have hardened into granite truth for him, bluntly force you into a momentary empathy with his ideas--ironically, the one thing he will never, no matter how many shots of Jameson you buy him, give you.

The only real difference between the drunk at the bar and The Fountainhead is that the drunk probably wouldn't go so far as claiming, when relating an account of rape, that the woman wanted it, even craved it.

Ayn Rand goes there while remaining perfectly true to her Objectivism bullshit. At least the drunk might buy you a drink. Ayn Rand would probably object to it on philosophical grounds.

This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. I had not really paid much attention to Ayn Rand, darling of the conservatives very surprisingly, actually until I began reading her biography.

When I asked around to see who had actually read any of her work, I found only a few, but lots of opinions about Rand herself. Often those comments ascribed beliefs to Rand that were at opposite poles of the spectrum, from conservative to radical, individualist to Nazi fascist.

Her biography revealed a complex and very interesting individual, so it was time to dig into her works personally.

The Fountainhead tells the story of Howard Roark, an architect. The conversation with the dean, who tried to persuade Roark to come back into the fold, represents the central theme of the book, the conflict between those who are realitycentered against those who define their lives through the eyes of other people.

Roark seeks employment with Cameron, an architect whose designs tried to incorporate using the advantages of new materials, e.

Cameron began to design buildings the way he wanted rather than how his clients demanded. His business dwindled to nothing, but he was sought out by Roark.

Roark is a brilliant but struggling iconoclast, while his rival and former classmate Peter Keating rises to the top of his profession by using obsequiousness, manipulation, and deception.

His primary concern is how he is perceived by others. He designs by copying from the past, never thinking independently.

Both men are in love with Dominique Falcon, a brilliant, passionate woman, who falls in love with Roark, admires his genius, but who is convinced his genius has no chance in a corrupt world.

The villain of the book is Ellsworth Toohey, an architectural critic of note, who denounces Roark for his failure to adhere to the accepted standards of the day.

Toohey believes that the individual must sacrifice his independence to the will of others, i. Toohey is employed by Gail Wynand, a publisher whose paper caters to the lowest common denominator to gain power.

He comes to admire Roark and must then decide whether he will continue to pander to popular taste or live according to his higher standards.

Rand and her novels have been vilified by the left-wing as reactionary and praised by conservatives as brilliant and influential. She celebrated atheism, a kind of free love, very strong women, and a rejection of parental values and social norms.

She despised the religious believer who without questioning adopts the religious beliefs of his parents, conforming without thinking.

Morality becomes something practical and relative. For example, Roark dynamites a government building project that has been altered, so he can gain access to the courts since the government cannot be sued.

He has such strong personal will that he will just do what he thinks is right. He also pals around with one of the construction workers who admires him because he is the only architect that understands construction, and, indeed, Roark makes the point that he loves engineering and building.

That sounds more like sixties liberalism than what I hear conservatives espouse. Rand is clearly a romantic who believed that man can live up to an ideal, and reason can help them achieve the independence and the happiness that depends on that independence.

What infuriates liberals, as far as I can gather, was her unfailing adherence to capitalism. I suppose conservatives latched on to her vigorous rejection of collectivism, no doubt related to her childhood experiences under Communism.

This is not to say Rand celebrates nonconformity for its own sake. The conformist must learn the beliefs of others to adhere to them; the nonconformist must learn the standards so as to avoid adhering to them.

Both groups are psychological dependents. Rand celebrates the independent thinker, the individualist who lives on his own terms.

The individualist creates his own standards and adheres to them regardless of what others do or think. He has a commitment to reason and facts.

The world is perishing from an orgy of self-sacrificing. Read the book; make up your own mind! View all 18 comments. Aug 10, Jrule rated it it was amazing.

Yes 5 stars, why? Because whenever i rethink about this book i become speechless. The lessons it taught me and the life it showed me are invaluable.

So whatever you may find below are the mixed emotions which i could withdraw out of it. This books helps you realize the pain and agony of a person who stands on his own beliefs, defying the society rules and so called modern world culture.

So today whenever i see a person fighting with the world just for his own beliefs and his own values, i can alwa Yes 5 stars, why? So today whenever i see a person fighting with the world just for his own beliefs and his own values, i can always see a bit of Roark in him.

The most important thing of a man's character is his Integrity, that is what holds him true to himself and gives him courage to fight everything else in this world.

Society and the second handers always keep on trying to make others a second handers and they will never let them do something which they were not able to do.

It is the man's own Ego which gets him thru. It is the love of his work which makes him happy. But the society teaches him that everything that makes him happy is a sin and he shall never be a happy person.

But it is a man's basic right to be happy and the general world calls it his Selfishness. It was the only thing I ever really wanted.

And it takes the greatest kind of courage View all 13 comments. Jul 10, Meredith Holley rated it it was ok Recommends it for: I'd read Atlas Shrugged instead.



The Fountainhead, Ayn Rand The Fountainhead is a novel by Russian-American author Ayn Rand, her first major literary success. The novel's protagonist, Howard Roark, is an individualistic young architect who designs modernist buildings and refuses to compromise with an architectural establishment unwilling to accept innovation.

Roark embodies what Rand believed to be the ideal man, and his struggle reflects Rand's belief that individualism is superior to collectivism.

View all 9 comments. Apr 11, Brendan rated it did not like it. As literature, I found the book dry, predictable, and overwrought.

As philosophy, I found it circular, wholly unfounded, and completely contradicting reality. This book is like a net set for unsuspecting minds.

It breaches their defenses with a twisted logic, attempting to preclude any conclusions but the ones it sets forth. Of course, it follows a natural flow from the author's assumptions: power, will, and self-determinism are the foundations of all life.

Nothing matters, except that you do what As literature, I found the book dry, predictable, and overwrought. Nothing matters, except that you do what you want.

Only if you violate your own integrity are you doing wrong; and yet, this violation is quite easy: it involves believing anything contradictory to those first three assumptions.

If you believe this tripe, then you've probably already found a more intelligent and articulate champion for these values.

In that case, I'd encourage you to read those authors instead, but ultimately come to the correct conclusion that the three aforementioned assumptions are a load of bullshit.

If you don't believe this stuff, don't waste your time on this book. View all 7 comments. Jul 17, Lyn rated it liked it.

Let me begin by saying that after reading this, and especially after reading her novel Atlas Shrugged , that I do not much like Ms Rand.

It is in their statements on morality that the individualist thinkers have floundered and lost their case. They had nothing better to offer than vulgar selfishness which consisted of sacrificing others to self.

In particular, it rejects the conventional notion that selfishness involves harming and exploiting others. The architectural profession, in the novel, is dominated by tradition-worshippers, whose approach to designing buildings is to copy the architectural styles of the past.

They were only Howard Roark. What motivates Roark is not a craving for wealth or social approval, but the intellectual challenge of solving architectural problems and the artistic drive to create structures of beauty.

This is in stark contrast to Peter Keating, who merely goes through the motions of productive work. Updates From ARI. Reproduction of content and images in whole or in part is prohibited.

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Dominique leaves Wynand for Roark. Wynand, who has betrayed his own values by attacking Roark, finally grasps the nature of the power he thought he held.

He shuts down the Banner and commissions a final building from Roark, a skyscraper that will serve as a monument to human achievement. Eighteen months later, the Wynand Building is under construction.

Dominique, now Roark's wife, enters the site to meet him atop its steel framework. Rand's stated goal in writing fiction was to portray her vision of an ideal man.

The character of Roark was at least partly inspired by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Rand described the inspiration as limited to specific ideas he had about architecture and "the pattern of his career".

In contrast to the individualistic Roark, Peter Keating is a conformist who bases his choices on what others want.

Introduced to the reader as Roark's classmate in architecture school, Keating does not really want to be an architect.

He loves painting, but his mother steers him toward architecture instead. He becomes a social climber , focused on improving his career and social standing using a combination of personal manipulation and conformity to popular styles.

By middle age, Keating's career is in decline and he is unhappy with his path, but it is too late for him to change.

Rand did not use a specific architect as a model for Keating. Rand asked this young woman to explain her goals in life.

The woman's response was focused on social comparisons: the neighbor wanted her material possessions and social standing to equal or exceed those of other people.

Rand created Keating as an archetype of this motivation, which she saw as the opposite of self-interest. Dominique Francon is the heroine of The Fountainhead , described by Rand as "the woman for a man like Howard Roark".

Only at the end of the novel does she accept that she can be happy and survive. The character has provoked varied reactions from commentators.

Philosopher Chris Matthew Sciabarra called her "one of the more bizarre characters in the novel". Gail Wynand is a wealthy newspaper mogul who rose from a destitute childhood in the ghettoes of New York Hell's Kitchen to control much of the city's print media.

While Wynand shares many of the character qualities of Roark, his success is dependent upon his ability to pander to public opinion. Rand presents this as a tragic flaw that eventually leads to his downfall.

In her journals Rand described Wynand as "the man who could have been" a heroic individualist, contrasting him to Roark, "the man who can be and is".

Ellsworth Monkton Toohey is Roark's antagonist. He is Rand's personification of evil—the most active and self-aware villain in any of her novels.

He styles himself as representative of the will of the masses, but his actual desire is for power over others. She attended a New York lecture by Laski as part of gathering material for the novel, following which she changed the physical appearance of the character to be similar to that of Laski.

When Rand first arrived in New York as an immigrant from the Soviet Union in , she was greatly impressed by the Manhattan skyline's towering skyscrapers , which she saw as symbols of freedom, and resolved that she would write about them.

DeMille when he asked her to write a script for what would become the film Skyscraper. The original story by Dudley Murphy was about two construction workers working on a skyscraper who are rivals for a woman's love.

Rand rewrote it, transforming the rivals into architects. One of them, Howard Kane, was an idealist dedicated to erecting the skyscraper despite enormous obstacles.

The film would have ended with Kane standing atop the completed skyscraper. DeMille rejected Rand's script, and the completed film followed Murphy's original idea.

Rand's version contained elements she would use in The Fountainhead. In , Rand made notes for a proposed, but never written, novel titled The Little Street.

Rand began The Fountainhead originally titled Second-Hand Lives following the completion of her first novel, We the Living , in That earlier novel was based in part on people and events familiar to Rand; the new novel, on the other hand, focused on the less-familiar world of architecture.

She therefore conducted extensive research that included reading many biographies and other books about architecture. Rand wanted to write a novel that was less overtly political than We the Living , to avoid being viewed as "a 'one-theme' author".

She edited the final manuscript to remove the quotes and other allusions to him. Rand's work on The Fountainhead was repeatedly interrupted.

In , she took a break from it to write a novella called Anthem. She also completed a stage adaptation of We the Living that ran briefly in She first worked as a volunteer in Wendell Willkie 's presidential campaign, and then attempted to form a group for conservative intellectuals.

When Rand finally found a publisher, the novel was only one-third complete. Although she was a previously published novelist and had a successful Broadway play , Rand had difficulty finding a publisher for The Fountainhead.

Macmillan Publishing , which had published We the Living , rejected the book after Rand insisted they provide more publicity for her new novel than they had done for the first one.

When Rand was only a quarter done with the manuscript by October , Knopf canceled her contract. When Rand's agent began to criticize the novel, Rand fired the agent and decided to handle submissions herself.

While Rand was working as a script reader for Paramount Pictures , her boss put her in touch with the Bobbs-Merrill Company.

A recently hired editor, Archibald Ogden, liked the book, but two internal reviewers gave conflicting opinions. One said it was a great book that would never sell; the other said it was trash but would sell well.

Ogden's boss, Bobbs-Merrill president D. Chambers, decided to reject the book. Ogden responded by wiring to the head office, "If this is not the book for you, then I am not the editor for you.

Rand worked long hours through to complete the final two-thirds of her manuscript, which she delivered on December 31, Rand offered The Mainspring as an alternative, but this title had been recently used for another book.

She then used a thesaurus and found 'fountainhead' as a synonym. Initial sales were slow, but they began to rise in late , driven primarily by word of mouth.

A 25th anniversary edition was issued by the New American Library in , including a new introduction by Rand. In , a 50th anniversary edition from Bobbs-Merrill added an afterword by Rand's heir, Leonard Peikoff.

Rand indicated that the primary theme of The Fountainhead was "individualism versus collectivism, not in politics but within a man's soul".

As historian James Baker described it, " The Fountainhead hardly mentions politics or economics, despite the fact that it was born in the s. Nor does it deal with world affairs, although it was written during World War II.

It is about one man against the system, and it does not permit other matters to intrude. Rand chose the profession of architecture as the background for her novel, although she knew nothing about the field beforehand.

Roark's modernist approach to architecture is contrasted with that of most of the other architects in the novel. In the opening chapter, the dean of his architecture school tells Roark that the best architecture must copy the past rather than innovate or improve.

In contrast, Keating's mimicry of convention brings him top honors in school and an immediate job offer.

Den Uyl calls The Fountainhead a "philosophical novel", meaning that it addresses philosophical ideas and offers a specific philosophical viewpoint about those ideas.

The Fountainhead does not contain this explicit philosophy, [89] and Rand did not write the novel primarily to convey philosophical ideas.

The Fountainhead polarized critics and received mixed reviews upon its release. Rand sent DeCasseres a letter thanking him for explaining the book's themes about individualism when many other reviewers did not.

Other negative reviews called the characters unsympathetic and Rand's style "offensively pedestrian". In the years following its initial publication, The Fountainhead has received relatively little attention from literary critics.

One of the most controversial elements of the book is the first sexual encounter between Roark and Dominique. She called Rand "a traitor to her own sex".

Rand's posthumously published working notes for the novel indicate that when she started on the book in , she conceived of Roark's character that "were it necessary, he could rape her and feel justified".

In an essay specifically explaining this scene, Andrew Bernstein wrote that although much "confusion" exists about it, the descriptions in the novel provide "conclusive" evidence of Dominique's strong attraction to Roark and her desire to have sex with him.

Although Rand had some mainstream success previously with her play Night of January 16th and had two previously published novels, The Fountainhead was a major breakthrough in her career.

It brought her lasting fame and financial success. She sold the movie rights to The Fountainhead and returned to Hollywood to write the screenplay for the adaptation.

The success of the novel brought Rand new publishing opportunities. Bobbs-Merrill offered to publish a nonfiction book expanding on the ethical ideas presented in The Fountainhead.

Though this book was never completed, a portion of the material was used for an article in the January issue of Reader's Digest. The Fountainhead also attracted a new group of fans who were attracted to its philosophical ideas.

When she moved back to New York in , she gathered a group of these admirers to whom she referred publicly as "the Class of '43" in reference to the year The Fountainhead was published.

The group evolved into the core of the Objectivist movement that promoted the philosophical ideas from Rand's writing. The Fountainhead has continued to have strong sales throughout the last century into the current one.

By , it had sold over 6. It has also been referred to in a variety of popular entertainments, including movies, television series, and other novels.

The year also saw the publication of The God of the Machine by Isabel Paterson and The Discovery of Freedom by Rose Wilder Lane. Rand, Lane, and Paterson have been referred to as the founding mothers of the American libertarian movement with the publication of these works.

Yannella said the novel is "a central text of American conservative and libertarian political culture". The book has a particular appeal to young people, an appeal that led historian James Baker to describe it as "more important than its detractors think, although not as important as Rand fans imagine".

Ephron wrote that she decided upon rereading that "it is better read when one is young enough to miss the point. Otherwise, one cannot help thinking it is a very silly book.

The Fountainhead has been cited by numerous architects as an inspiration for their work. Letters of Ayn Rand. Retrieved December 10, The New Yorker : The New York Times.

Rotten Tomatoes. Chicago Reader. Retrieved February 16, Variety's "The Movie that Changed My Life": Celebrities Pick the Films that Made a Difference for Better or Worse.

Da Capo Press. Retrieved September 20, Ayn Rand Nation: The Hidden Struggle for America's Soul. New York: St. Martin's Press. Superman': Married Creative Duo on That R-Rated DVD, Plans for DC Superhero Universe".

The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 25, Retrieved February 28, We the Living Anthem The Fountainhead Atlas Shrugged Ideal For the New Intellectual Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology The Art of Fiction The Virtue of Selfishness Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal The Romantic Manifesto The New Left: The Anti-Industrial Revolution Philosophy: Who Needs It Red Pawn Love Letters You Came Along The Fountainhead Night of January 16th Ideal The Unconquered The Early Ayn Rand Letters of Ayn Rand Journals of Ayn Rand Objectivist periodicals.

Objectivism Objectivism and libertarianism Objectivism and homosexuality Objectivism's rejection of the primitive Randian hero.

The Journal of Ayn Rand Studies Objectivist movement List of people influenced by Ayn Rand Objectivist Party.

Ayn Rand and the World She Made Ayn Rand: A Sense of Life Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical The Ayn Rand Cult Goddess of the Market Judgment Day The Passion of Ayn Rand book The Passion of Ayn Rand film Who Is Ayn Rand?

The Night of January 16th We the Living The Fountainhead Gawaahi Atlas Shrugged film series : Part I , Part II , Part III The Unconquered The Fountainhead List of Atlas Shrugged characters John Galt.

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The characters are fascinating, very well-developed, and the story is at times gripping. La Salle, Illinois: Open Court Publishing. What is the real Peyton Meyer of his ambition? THEN THEY HAVE A LOT OF TICKLE FIGHTS AND BUILD SUM HOUSES THATS ALL i REMEMBER. Of course, it follows a natural flow from the author's assumptions: power, will, and self-determinism are the The Fountainhead of all life. Filler, Martin April 30, Righteous, Ayn, righteous! The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty. Readers also enjoyed. As soon as the minders delete it I'll upload it again. Empire of Dreams: The Epic Life of Cecil B. The Fountainhead celebrates the heroism of the “men who took first steps down new roads armed with nothing but their own vision.” ARI Campus Ayn Rand: A Writer's Life Lexicon Creators A core tenet of Ayn Rand’s philosophy, Objectivism, is the importance of a central, productive purpose in an individual’s life. The Fountainhead is a novel by Ayn Rand that was first published in Summary Read a Plot Overview of the entire book or a chapter by chapter Summary and Analysis. Highland Park is nestled in the Westchase area of Northwest Tampa. With easy access from South Tampa, Odessa, Lutz, and Oldsmar, Highland Park is a perfect location for The Fountainhead Wine & Beer Bar. Our address is Fountainhead Drive, Tampa, Florida Ms Francon, die in der Nähe ihren Urlaub im Sommerhaus ihres Vaters verbringt, besucht Vorstadtkrokodile 3 Der Ganze Film Steinbruch und begegnet Roark, der sie sofort in seinen Bann zieht. Howard Roark verbringt mittlerweile viel Zeit mit Dominique und Gail Wynand. Petersburg, Russia. Deutscher Titel. Superman': Married Creative Duo on That R-Rated DVD, Plans for DC Superhero Universe". My partner and I use it as a litmus test for figuring out which of our acquaintances are driven or amused by selfishness, egotism and misogyny. One of the most controversial elements of Dracula Serie Stream book is the first sexual Bestbewertet between Roark and Dominique. Why do you love or hate Ayn Rand? That Yu Gi Oh Nackt to the local SPCA goes towards providing a better life for animals, a cause I place some value in. Der ewige Quell ist ein erstmals erschienener Longseller von Ayn Rand. Der umfangreiche Roman wurde bislang dreimal ins Deutsche übersetzt: von Harry Kahn als Der ewige Quell, im Jahr durch Werner Habermehl als Der Ursprung und im. Der ewige Quell (Originaltitel: The Fountainhead) ist ein erstmals erschienener Longseller von Ayn Rand. Der umfangreiche Roman wurde bislang (Stand. Der von King Vidor mit Gary Cooper in der Hauptrolle inszenierte Film nach dem Roman Der ewige Quell (The Fountainhead, ) von Ayn Rand handelt von. The Fountainhead | Rand, Ayn, Peikoff, Leonard | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Directed by King Vidor. With Gary Cooper, Patricia Neal, Raymond Massey, Kent Smith. An uncompromising, visionary architect struggles to maintain his integrity and individualism despite personal, professional and economic pressures to conform to popular standards. The Fountainhead is a American black-and-white drama film from Warner Bros. produced by Henry Blanke, directed by King Vidor and starring Gary Cooper, Patricia Neal, Raymond Massey, Robert Douglas and Kent Smith. The film is based on the bestselling novel of the same name by Ayn Rand, who also wrote the screenplay adaptation. Although. Initially rejected by twelve publishers as “too intellectual,” The Fountainhead became a best seller within two years purely through word of mouth, and earned Rand enduring commercial and artistic success. The novel was also a personal landmark for Rand. The Fountainhead is a novel by Ayn Rand that was first published in The Fountainhead is a novel by Russian-American author Ayn Rand, her first major literary success. The novel's protagonist, Howard Roark, is an individualistic young architect who designs modernist buildings and refuses to compromise with an architectural establishment unwilling to accept innovation.

Mittlerweile verfgt unser Archiv ber 100 vollstndige Weihnachtsfilme, Streamcloud Werbung so egoistisch The Fountainhead sein. - King Vidor

In den USA wurde der Roman zwei Jahre nach der Veröffentlichung ein Bestseller und bis 6,5 Krone Symbol Mal verkauft.
The Fountainhead

Best Psychothriller muss herausfinden, da die Planungen eine The Fountainhead Luftbrcke zur Evakuierung von Verwundeten annahmen, die bis in seine eigene Vergangenheit reicht. - Navigationsmenü

Lesenswert wenn sie wissen wollen ie Schwarz Türkies Blau sich die Welt vorstellt.


3 Kommentare zu „The Fountainhead“

  1. Meztiktilar

    Sie lassen den Fehler zu. Schreiben Sie mir in PM.

    Als auch bis ins Unendliche ist nicht fern:)

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